Scientists at the University of Gothenburg suggested prolonged childhood (teenage) obesity contributes to the stiffening of arteries. Their conclusions highlight the necessity of more effective measures against the weight gain among youth.
The study took 8 years, according to the MdicalXpress – scientists started to follow 3,423 children at the age of nine. Scientist measured their body composition every two years until the age of 17. The team used dual energy X-ray absorptiometry or DEXA technique to evaluate proportions of muscles, fat and bones of each participant. The method is more effective than Body Mass Index. This variable doesn’t often show the real picture, as a person’s body grows rapidly during the teenage period.
The study was published in Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.
The scientists looked at the blood vessels’ condition, evaluating the effect of risk factors for cardiovascular disease. They found the link between the arterial stiffness and obesity at age 17. Additionally, the condition was affected by the metabolic health.
Arterial stiffness is a major risk factor for strokes, heart attacks and other cardiovascular dysfunctions. The condition is irreversible at late stages and needs surgical interventions like the heart bypass surgery. However, it is possible to improve the health condition in adolescence (even adult) life. A person needs to normalize his or her fat mass. Another study presented easy ways to burn additional calories during everyday tasks.
Members of the One Green Planet proposed how to improve the daily routine. Slow (about 5 seconds for each step) rocking from heels to tops would help to work the foot and calf muscles. Each person can contract numerous groups of muscles without drawing public attention. This is a good exercise for long lines or short pauses during the workday.